By Julie Mandoyan | July 16, 2012 - 16:00 GMT
Kofi Annan, the UN-Arab League Joint Special Envoy appointed in February 2012 to solve the Syrian crisis, repeated on Wednesday (11 July) that the international community, failing to act with one voice, was less powerful than ever in its attempts to address ongoing violence. Echoing comments made in Le Monde on Friday (6 July), Annan explained that to date, the crisis was a result of the “failure” of the international community to cooperate decisively. He would know - he is mediating presently on behalf of two multilateral 'communities', and as a former UN Secretary-General was de facto leader of the international community across two mandates.
While in 2011 two international crises led to prompt — though at times thought to be impulsive — interventions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, key international players have shown in 2012 a lack of eagerness to send troops into conflict. The intervention in Libya was backed by UN Security Council Resolution 1973 (2011), with NATO helping to implement Operation Unified Protector from March until October of last year. Long-reigning dictator Muammar Gaddafi was replaced by a transitional, then elected, government. In Côte d’Ivoire, after contested elections between serving President Laurent Gbagbo and opposition leader Alassane Ouattara in November 2010, the mandate of the UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) was reaffirmed by UN Secuity Council Resolution 1975 (2011). French Licorne troops then assisted UNOCI forces in arresting Gbagbo.
This year, both Mali and Syria are undergoing major crises. Yet, despite repeated calls for action and intervention, concrete progress has still not been achieved.
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